Saturday, January 31, 2015

150 years after sinking, Confederate submarine slowly reveals its secrets

The Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is seen at conservation lab in North Charleston, S.C., on Jan. 27, 2015 photo. (AP Photo/Bruce Smith, file)

Fox News

Scientists may finally solve the mystery behind the sinking of Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley, the first sub in history to sink an enemy warship.
A century and a half after it sank and a decade and a half after it was raised, scientists are finally getting a look at the H.L. Hunley’s hull. Experts hope to solve the mystery of why the famed hand-cranked submarine sank during the Civil War.
"It's like unwrapping a Christmas gift after 15 years. We have been wanting to do this for many years now," said Paul Mardikian, senior conservator on the Hunley project in North Charleston, S.C.
The Hunley sank the Union blockade ship USS Housatonic off Charleston in February 1864 as the South tried to break the Union blockade strangling the Confederacy. But the sub and its eight-man crew never made it back to shore.
The Hunley was discovered off the South Carolina coast in 1995, raised in 2000 and brought to a conservation lab in North Charleston.
It was covered with a hardened gunk of encrusted sand, sediment and rust that scientists call concretion.
Last May, it was finally ready to be bathed in a solution of sodium hydroxide to loosen the encrustation. Then in August, scientists using small air-powered chisels and dental tools began the laborious job of removing the coating.
Now about 70 percent of the outside hull has been revealed. The last remaining areas have been described as “forensic hot spots.”
Friends of the Hunley, a group dedicated to conserving and eventually exhibiting the vessel, says that the remaining parts of the vessel’s exterior should be revealed during the coming weeks. The team of conservators from Clemson University has already made some interesting discoveries, such as an area of the hull where the metal surface is stamped with the letters “C N.” Experts are investigating the meaning of the stamp, which is thought to represent the foundry where the Hunley’s iron was forged.
Mardikian said the exposed hull indeed has revealed some things that may help solve the mystery of the sinking.
"I would have to lie to you if I said we had not, but it's too early to talk about it yet," he said. "We have a submarine that is encrypted. It's like an Enigma machine."
He said the clues will be studied closely as scientists try to piece together what happened to the 40-foot submarine that night in 1864.
The Hunley had a 16-foot spar tipped with a charge of black powder that was exploded, sinking the Housatonic. After close examination of the spar two years ago, scientists speculated the crew was knocked unconscious by the shock wave of the explosion.
When the Hunley was first raised, scientists speculated the crew may have run out of air before they could crank back to the coast. Scientists have also discussed the possibility the sub may have been sunk by an open hatch.
After the Hunley was raised, the sand and the silt and the remains of the crew in the interior were removed.
In April 2004, thousands of men in Confederate gray and Union blue walked in a procession with the crew's coffins four miles from Charleston's waterfront Battery to Magnolia Cemetery in what has been called the last Confederate funeral.
Fascinating Civil War artifacts are still being unearthed. A cleanup of the Congaree River in Columbia, SC, for example, may lead to the recovery of Confederate munitions seized and then dumped by Gen. William T. Sherman's Union army.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Monday, January 5, 2015

My First Blog on @MyFitnessPal

I have just written my first blog on My Fitness Pal view it in original form here:
My Fitness Pal Blog is that for a title.

 I want to say that my sister and I renewed our decision to get healthy. We have a goal to lose 30 pounds by April 1. By the way, April 1st is my sisters birthday. That won't put her at her goal weight but what an achievement to celebrate! 

I won't even be close to my goal weight at that time but I have a vacation scheduled for April 8th - 12th and with 30 pounds gone I know I will enjoy the vacation more than I would now. And my clothes will fit better!

Where am I going? To Branson, Missouri. 4 nights/5 days and staying in the Radisson Hotel. If you have been there do you have any insights on what to do or not to do. My boyfriend and another couple is going with us and we are all very active. And my friend Kathy is a great photographer.

Well enough on that for now. 

Who am I? I am an aircraft mechanic and author. I have spent the last 15 years in the aviation industry and have spent the last four years learning the publishing trade. I have 8 books published and am looking to publish 4 this year. 3 will be children's story and one will be a full length novel. If you like to read - here is my website:

Would love to hear back from you.

K-Trina Meador  

Saturday, January 3, 2015

#IndieBooksBeSeen Book Spotlight Journey to Jazzland by Gia de Saulnier

Buy Now from Amazon; Click HERE

About the Author

Gia Volterra de Saulnier was born and raised in Fairhaven, Massachusetts and attended University of Lowell (now University of Massachusetts, Lowell). It was there that she learned to love jazz. Gia's been performing jazz and other kinds of music for over 20 years, throughout the New England area. She lives in North Reading, Massachusetts with her husband and son.



Amazon Reviews

5.0 out of 5 stars: Great way of bringing music into reading

This book was read by my daughter, and she has written her own review on it but first I'd just like to put my small point of view.

M young daughter is a massive reader, she reads every day when I asked her to read this book to review she jumped at the chance. She enjoyed the story, and understood the story which schools say is an important part of reading, children must be able to understand what they are reading. She is also very interested in music so the story suited her very well. Brilliant for young children.

Review from Emma age 7

I thought the cover of the book was very exciting and colorful, I liked the instruments. When I was reading the story it was very interesting and fun. I love music so the story was very good. I liked the picture on the pages its was a very good story for children to enjoy music and reading.

I would recommend this book for parents and children to read together.

5.0 out of 5 stars Great Fun with Music 

Bored with playing the same music over and over again in the same orchestra, and wanting the freedom to play her own music from the heart, Windy Flute makes a huge decision. Having heard of the legendary Jazzland, where instruments are free to ad lib, Windy decides to go there.

But, getting there alone is not an option. She needs friends, other instruments, to go with her to make her sounds `fuller'. When Windy finds these willing instruments, they team up and head for Jazzland together.

Journey to Jazzland provides an opportunity for children, and adults, to learn a little about jazz and other music. It is well-written and very readable, and the illustrations by Emily Zierothare are an absolute delight. There are some nice moments when the instruments learn, when finding a bridge they need to cross, that they can only cross it with team work.
Short, sweet and instructive and well deserving of five stars.

Author K. Meador is a mom to two grown sons who are currently pursuing their adult lives outside the home. She enjoys history, aviation, writing, and romance. In addition, she enjoys photography, walking, and visiting with family and friends. For the past several years, she has traveled with her job and has now settled down in Oklahoma City area.

Please leave a comment on this blog and share if you are so inclined.  Author K. Meador has multiple published books which are available in paperback, eBook, audio and Spanish. Thank you. Your support is truly appreciated. 

Thursday, January 1, 2015

#IndieBooksBeSeen Book Spotlight of the Day The Golden Merra by Kevin Moore

About the Author:

Kevin Moore is a working writer and a professor of composition, history and philosophy. His published work includes The Golden Merra, Seven Out, Waves and War, Sorrow and Demons and My Lovely Wife, Edith. Kevin is a contributing writer for the Toledo Free Press and keeps a blog at He lives near Toledo, Ohio with his wife and daughter.
Twitter: @KevMooreWrites

About the Book:

It's the Prohibition era of the 1920s. Bootlegger and ex-pilot from World War I Wil Driscoll has reluctantly accepted an invitation from an old foe to attend a dog race in New Orleans. He's on the lam from the gangster he works for after losing his cargo in a plane crash and desperately needs to strike it big. Wil soon discovers that he has to share a hotel room with Albert Crow, an eccentric but ambitious treasure hunter who hopes the weekend's race will finance his long sought-after expedition to the Chichen Itza ruins of the Maya in Mexico. During a weekend he hoped would be his ticket to riches, Wil crosses paths an old flame, who is now a jazz singer and flapper, has a run-in with the notorious New Orleans Black Hand gang, and begins an adventure to unknown and exotic places with supernatural secrets. It will be much more than just a day at the races. 

The Golden Merra is a thriller that delivers the action fans of pulp fiction, noir and all things gangster have come to expect. This piece of historical fiction will appeal to readers of action/adventure, history and even the paranormal alike.

Amazon Reviews:

5 Stars! I was pleasantly surprised by this book.

I was pleasantly surprised by this book. Normally a fantasy/sci-fi/romance reader, I found this book very well written. I could see the characters, the ambience (or lack there of) of the hotel, feel the atmosphere of what was happening as I read. I'm not one to go into spoilers by writing out each detail and how I felt about it, but I will say that I will be reading more adventures of Wil Driscoll because now I am hooked.

5 Stars! Dames, Smugglers, Gangsters, who could ask for anything more?

I received this book for free in exchange of an honest review from the Goodreads ARR program. It is a great program and you get to read some wonderful stories!

This was a neat read! The Golden Merra is the start of a series of stories starring Wil Driscoll and Albert. Wil Driscoll is, well, how do describe him? He is a scoundrel, a pilot, and a smuggler. We meet him just after he has crashed his uncle's plane and is going to a dog meet in New Orleans to see if he can pay his uncle back.

He was invited by an old 'friend' from his days in the service (the story is set in the late 1920s) who seems to have done well for himself. The invite includes a free room in the Golden Merra as well as free drinks - what more could a guy want? However, Wil finds out that the hotel isn't exactly first class and that he will be sharing a room with Albert. Albert owns one of the dogs that will be running in the races.

I don't want to reveal much more of the story. I loved the setting and the way the story was told; it opens as if it is an introduction to an old radio show. And who doesn't love a story set during Prohibition? Dames, Gangsters, and action. Loved it and I can't wait for part two.


Author K. Meador is a mom to two grown sons who are currently pursuing their adult lives outside the home. She enjoys history, aviation, writing, and romance. In addition, she enjoys photography, walking, and visiting with family and friends. For the past several years, she has traveled with her job and has now settled down in Oklahoma City area.

Please leave a comment on this blog and share if you are so inclined.  Author K. Meador has multiple published books which are available in paperback, eBook, audio and Spanish. Thank you. Your support is truly appreciated.